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Lincoln University (Department of Nursing)




Welcome to the Department of Nursing Science at Lincoln University. Nursing is an exciting profession that provides a essential service to individuals, families and communities experiencing health and illness.

Lincoln University's Department of Nursing Science was established in 1970. Currently the department offers an Associate of Applied Science (AAS) in Nursing which is approved by the Missouri State Board of Nursing and accredited by the National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission (NLNAC). At our main campus program (Jefferson City) 30 students are admitted in the fall and spring semesters.

Our satellite program in Fort Leonard Wood (FLW) is designed to meet the local needs of Rolla and to meet the educational needs of active duty military personnel and their dependents. This program accepts 40 students (20 Rolla students and 20 FLW students) every fall. For more information about the FLW programs, click here.

Licensed practical nurses (LPNs) may be eligible for advanced standing in the AAS in Nursing.

Finally, the Department of Nursing Science has established a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) completion program to meet the needs of practicing registered nurses (RNs). The BSN Completion Program is accredited by the National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission (NLNAC). These options allow Lincoln University to provide educational mobility opportunities for nurses.
OVERVIEW

The faculty of the Nursing Science Department, functioning within the general framework and policies of Lincoln University, reflect the mission of the University in our philosophic statements regarding people and society, nursing, education, and nursing education. These reflect both a responsiveness to the educational needs of our students as well as the provision of service to Missouri through the preparation of practitioners of nursing.

PHILOSOPHY

Persons are developing, holistic beings from diverse background, who have similar basic needs. People strive to maintain homeostasis and actualize their potential by meeting their individual physiological, psychological, safety, cultural and spiritual needs.

Health is a dynamic holistic phenomenon, experienced in a unique way by each individual. It can by best viewed on a continuum, in which adjustments are made in order to maintain the relative constancy called homeostasis.

Wellness is a state of health in which basic needs are being met and homeostasis maintained. A health problem can be any actual or potential concern or condition, which must be resolved or prevented in order to maintain wellness. If unresolved, the problem will result in illness, an alteration in the state of health in which there is an inability to meet basic needs and maintain homeostasis.

Nursing is a service of helping an individual, family, and/or community meet basic needs, maintain homeostasis, and achieve the highest possible level of wellness. Nursing functions independently, dependently, and in collaboration with other health care providers to achieve the above goal. It uses the nursing process to assess and meet the needs of clients. Roles that nursing assumes to assist the individual, family, and/or community are provider of care, manager, and member with the discipline of nursing. Practitioners, educators, administrators, and researchers with differing educational preparation provide nursing to individuals and families in a variety of settings. Associate Degree nurses provide care in diverse settings where policies and procedures are specified and guidance is available. The National League of Nursing (N.L.N.) 2000 publication, Educational Competencies for Graduates of Associative Degree Nursing Programs provides guidelines for education and practice. Associate Degree nursing education prepares nursing practitioners with these competencies. Therefore it is the responsibility of this faculty to assist our students to acquire and apply the knowledge, skills and attitudes essential for their practice of nursing.

Environment includes all physical, psychological, cultural, and spiritual conditions affecting individuals and families. Unique responses by the individual or family to constant interaction with the environment, result in varying degrees of health. A focus of nursing is to optimize the environment, in diverse health care settings to assist the clients to meet their individualized basic needs.

Nursing education takes place in institutions of higher education. Here students of nursing interact with students of other disciplines in courses offered in the arts and sciences. This exposure provides for a more holistic approach to the study and application of nursing principles. Nursing education combines nursing knowledge with the knowledge from the arts and sciences so students learn to apply nursing principles in the practice setting. The faculty believes Associate Degree of Nursing education provides the basis for continued education in nursing.

Learning is a continuous process involving active participation by both faculty and student. The faculty facilitates this process by assessing student learning needs and providing appropriate guidance regarding academic progress. Each learning experience is planned and organized to provide for individual learning needs and achievement of identified learning objectives. Different entry levels into the Associate Degree Nursing program are provided based on the individual's level of achievement. Although certain content and learning experiences are required, supplemental and individualized learning experiences are provided as needed. In order to assist students to attain the necessary competencies, the faculty selects a variety of clinical environments.

PROGRAM OBJECTIVES

Upon completion of this program, the graduates will be able to:

1. utilize the nursing process/clinical decision making to deliver asscurate, safe and cost-effective care.

2.demonstrate effective written,verbal, and nonverbal communication (including information technology) with the client, significant support person(s), members of the healthcare team and community agencies.

3. demonstrate professional behavior by showing accountabillity for his/her actions and by practicing within the ethical, legal, and regualtory framework of nursing.

4. develop, modify and evaluate individualized teaching plans to promote and maintain health and reduce risks to the client and significant support persons. Utilize the teaching/learning process with members of the healthcare team.

5. collaborate with other healthcare providers in their approach to holistic, client-centered care accross health care settings to meet the client needs.

6. manage nursing care of a group of clients within and accross health care setting to meet client needs and support organizational outcomes.

PURPOSE

The purposes of the nursing program are to prepare graduates for entry-level associate degree nursing practice in diverse settings where policy and procedures guide practice. Another purpose is to provide a basis for continued studies in nursing.

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK (2005)

Concepts found in the philosophy of the Nursing Science Department provide the theoretical basis for defining the basic human needs common to all people. The physiological or lowest level needs include the need for oxygenation, nutrition, fluid and electrolyte balance, rest, mobility, elimination, regulation, comfort, and sexuality. The second level includes the safety and security needs. The psychological or higher level needs include the need for love and belonging, self-esteem, and self-actualization. Erikson's eight stages of development provide another framework for examining persons, particularly individual development, as the person progresses along the life continuum from birth to death. These eight stages are identified and chronologically listed below:

AGE GROUP DEVELOPMENTAL TASK

Infancy Trust vs Mistrust
Toddler Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt
Preschool Initiative vs Guilt
School Industry vs Inferiority
Adolescence Identity vs Role Confusion
Young Adult Intimacy vs Isolation
Middle Adult Generativity vs Stagnation
Older Adult Integrity vs Despair

Health is a dynamic, holistic state of being. It is holistic because it includes physical, social, and emotional components. Health is dynamic because it is constantly changing. Health is best viewed on a wellness/illness continuum in which continued adjustments are made to maintain homeostasis. Homeostasis is the ability of the body to maintain a state of balance or equilibrium while interacting with the environment. On one end of the continuum is high-level wellness or optimal health. On the other end of the continuum, a person can experience illness, an alteration in the state of health in which there is an inability to meet basic needs.

Nursing is a service of helping an individual, family, and/or community meet basic needs, maintain homeostasis, and achieve the highest possible level of wellness. In order to assist these persons, the nursing process is used. The nursing
process includes the four steps of assessment, planning, implementing, and evaluating. Assessment includes both data collection and data analysis. Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Erikson's developmental stages provide a systemic framework for this data collection. Data analysis results in the identification of a nursing diagnosis, according to the North American Nursing Diagnoses Association (NANDA). This analysis includes the identification of the indicators of the patient's problem. After analyzing this data and arriving at a nursing diagnosis, a plan of care is devised. This plan includes a patient-centered goal related to the nursing diagnoses, as well as, the nursing interventions needed to reach the goal. Implementation is putting the plan into action. Evaluation is the reassessment of the plan, goal, and interventions.

The nursing roles of provider of care, manager, and member within the profession are horizontal threads utilized throughout the curriculum. The NLN Education Competencies for Graduates of Associate Degree Nurses (2000) are utilized as descriptors for the nursing roles. Using these roles as guidelines, students collaborate with clients and a multidisciplinary team to provide nursing care. Fundamental to the roles of the nurse are critical thinking and therapeutic communication.

The life continuum is a vertical thread of the curriculum. Changes in the individual's internal and external environments are the focus as curriculum content moves from birth issues to the final stage of life, death. Diverse facets of the internal environment, including the physical, psychological, and spiritual domains, are examined utilizing Maslow's Heirarchy of needs and Erikson's Stages of Development. The external environment is primarily viewed through the individual's interaction within health care settings, family dynamics, and community agencies. The impact of these on the individual's state of health/illness and ability to adapt or return to a state of homeostasis is the foundation of study.



School name:Lincoln UniversityDepartment of Nursing
Address:820 Chestnut St., Elliff Hall, Room 100
Zip & city:MO 65101 Missouri
Phone:573-681-5421
Web:http://www.lincolnu.edu/pages/555.asp
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Visits:
1983  



Department of Nursing Nursing School Location







Department of Nursing Courses


INTRODUCTION TO NURSING
Nursing skills and related scientific principles emphasizing needs common to all people in varied health care settings. Four hours lecture, twelve hours clinical.

NURSING PROCESS I
Concepts of nursing and identification of cellular alterations and treatments common to all people and applied in varied health care settings. Six hours lecture, twelve hours clinical.

PSYCHOSOCIAL NURSING
Concepts of psychosocial nursing and identification or related alterations and treatments common throughout the lifespan and applied in varied health care and community settings. Four hours lecture, twelve hours clinical.

NURSING PROCESS II
Application of scientific principles and concepts of nursing in providing care to the client with altered sensory input, surgical interventions, and unmet movement and coordination needs. Six hours lecture, twelve hours clinical.

TRANSITIONS TO PROFESSIONAL NURSING
Designed for the LPN allowing demonstration of competency in the skills essential to beginning nursing practice and determining placement in the AAS of Nursing Program.

NURSING PROCESS III
Application of scientific principles and concepts of nursing in providing care to the client with unmet nutrition, elimination, and regulation needs. Four hours lecture, twelve hours clinical.

MATERNAL/CHILD NURSING PROCESS
Application of scientific principles and concepts of nursing in providing care to meet the needs of maternity patients and children from birth through adolescence. Six hours lecture, twelve hours clinical.

NURSING PROCESS IV
Differentiation and application of scientific principles and concepts of nursing in providing care to clients with unmet oxygenation and critical care needs. Six hours lecture, twelve hours clinical.

NURSING LEADERSHIP
Application of leadership principles in providing care to clients in and across health care settings, examining legal, ethical, and professional frameworks or nursing. Four hours lecture and twelve hours clinical.

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