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University of Central Arkansas (Department of Nursing)




HISTORY

Nursing is as old as medicine, although modern nursing began with Florence Nightingale in the middle 1800s. Nursing has always been directed toward serving the health needs of people. However, as with medicine, nursing practice has been influenced by the particular characteristics of society throughout its history and has changed based upon the health needs and expectations of society.

Currently, nursing is assuming an ever expanding role in the health care of society. Advanced practice nurses function independently in a variety of settings. They are usually prepared at the master's level and include nurse practitioners, certified nurse midwives, clinical nurse specialists, and certified nurse anesthetists.

Advances in science and health care and the increased seriousness of patients' conditions requires a different caliber of nurses than in the past. At the same time, as more health care is being provided out of the hospitals, nurses are assuming a major role in the provision of health care in the home, where they must make critical, independent decisions.

DEGREES IN NURSING

There are a variety of educational programs by which one can become a registered nurse, and a variety of career opportunities open to nurses as they gain experience and continue their education. Nursing expertise is the result of theoretical knowledge, gained through study, and clinical experience, gained through practice. The expertise required to interpret a patient's condition and make complex decisions requires a sound knowledge base as well as clinical practice.

Traditional ways to become licensed as a Registered Nurse (RN) are through the following avenues:

Baccalaureate degree programs offer a four year undergraduate degree (BSN).
They are usually in a college or university
Hospital diploma programs award diplomas. This is not a college degree. The programs are located in hospitals.
Associate degree programs award an associate college degree (ADN). They are usually located in a community college.

The baccalaureate nurse (BSN-RN) possesses the nursing skills necessary to make clinical judgments in structured settings (i.e. hospitals) and unstructured settings (i.e. industry, community, homes) and in situations with unpredictable outcomes. They are the only nurses fully qualified for community health nursing. Graduates are employed in a variety of settings: home care, community health agencies, hospitals, nursing homes, extended care facilities, the military and other government health services, industry, mental health/psychiatric facilities, and others. BSN graduates have the educational background for the advanced study of nursing in graduate degree programs.

Nurses with less than a BSN, i.e. ADN or Diploma, are limited in their opportunities and advancement, and the settings where they practice.

Advanced degrees available for the Registered Nurse with a baccalaureate degree (BSN) include:
Master's Degree (MSN)
Doctorate Degree (PhD or DNS)



School name:University of Central ArkansasDepartment of Nursing
Address:201 S. Donaghey Avenue
Zip & city:AR 72035 Arkansas
Phone:501-450-3119
Web:http://www.uca.edu/divisions/academic/chas/Nursing.html
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Department of Nursing Nursing School Location







Department of Nursing Courses


HEALTH ASSESSMENT
This theory/laboratory course addresses assessment of the adult patient across the life span. Focuses on knowledge and skills necessary to perform a comprehensive health history, physical examination, and environment assessment, and use of clinical assessment tools to establish a database from which to derive nursing diagnoses.

PHARMACOLOGY
This theory course covers the basic principles of pharmacology and drug therapy necessary for nursing practice. Concepts include drug effectiveness, pharmacokinetics, mechanisms of action, side and adverse drug responses, drug interactions, and patient education.

CONCEPTS OF PROFESSIONAL NURSING
This theory/laboratory/clinical course introduces concepts of the multi-faceted roles of the professional nurse. Focus is on role development, professional values, core competencies, and core knowledge concepts and on caring for adults across the life span, particularly the older adult.

CARING FOR THE MEDICAL-SURGICAL PATIENT
This theory/laboratory/clinical course focuses on caring for adult patients experiencing selected health problems across the life span within the acute care environment. The concept of caring is introduced with a focus on sensitivity to patients' unique needs and their cultural beliefs, to diversity, and to the technical skills and scientific principles which provide a foundation for critical thinking applications to professional nursing.

SPECIAL STUDIES IN NURSING
These courses are varied to meet the needs and interests of nursing students, and may include NCLEX preparation and clinical practice with a preceptor.

TRANSITION TO PROFESSIONAL NURSING
Required of all RN and LPN/LPTN licensed students in their first semester in the nursing major. Builds upon the nurse's previous education and experience. Independent study and discussion.

NURSE AS EDUCATOR
This theory course presents the nurse-as-educator as an essential dimension of the professional nursing role. Patient and staff education, selected trends, issues, teaching/learning theories, principles, competencies, and strategies are emphasized.

CARING FOR THE CHILDBEARING FAMILY
This theory/laboratory/clinical course focuses on caring for childbearing families, particularly in the areas of antepartal, postpartal, intrapartal, newborn, and family. The course uses a wellness/illness continuum and addresses cultural aspects of care with both low-risk and high-risk patients in a variety of clinical settings.

CARING FOR CHILDREN AND THEIR FAMILIES
This theory/laboratory/clinical course focuses on caring for children and their families, with special emphasis on the unique developmental needs and differences of infants, children, and adolescents. Concepts related to health promotion, risk reduction, disease prevention, and illness and disease management are included.

CARING FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH PSYCHIATRIC-MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS
This theory/laboratory/clinical course focuses on nursing theories and practices in the care and treatment of patients across the life span and their families as they respond to psychiatric/mental health problems. The course assists students in effective management of patients experiencing psychosocial stressors in other settings.

CARING FOR ADULTS WITH CHRONIC HEALTH PROBLEMS
This theory/laboratory/clinical course focuses on nursing care of culturally diverse adult patients across the life span who are experiencing chronic health problems and end of life issues. Additional focus is on well elderly persons in order to reduce health risks, promote health, and prevent illness.

SPECIAL STUDIES IN NURSING
These courses are varied to meet the needs of nursing students, and may include NCLEX preparation and clinical practice with a preceptor.

ADVANCED HEALTH ASSESSMENT
This theory/laboratory/clinical course focuses on comprehensive biophysical and psychosocial health assessments of individuals across the life span.

RESEARCH IN NURSING
This theory course introduces the language and processes of research within the nursing profession. Course content focuses on retrieving, reading, evaluating, disseminating, and using research in nursing practice.

ROLES AND ISSUES IN PROFESSIONAL NURSING
This theory course explores current issues and trends confronting nurses, nursing, and health care delivery as well as presenting career planning and transitioning into the workforce.

HONORS IN NURSING
This course is taught over two semesters and is part of the senior honors program in nursing.

GUIDE TO ALTERNATIVE AND COMPLEMENTARY HEALTH CARE
An overview of alternative/complementary health care philosophies and therapies and their role in health care today. Addresses issues of self-treatment, safety, effectiveness, and resources. Examples include nutritional supplements, massage, aromatherapy, herbal therapy, and relaxation therapy. On demand.

CARING FOR ADULTS WITH COMPLEX HEALTH PROBLEMS
This theory/laboratory/clinical course focuses on nursing care of adult patients across the life span who are experiencing complex, multi-system health problems and life-threatening illnesses or injuries. Emphasis is placed on interdisciplinary collaboration and on psychological, cultural, social, economic, and spiritual concerns of patients. Advanced technology, assessment skills, and collaborative practice are addressed.

COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING
This theory/laboratory/clinical course focuses on synthesis of professional nursing and public health science applied to promoting and preserving the health of populations. The course is concerned with both wellness and illness in providing and facilitating the delivery of direct and indirect health-care services.

LEADERSHIP AND RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN NURSING
This theory/laboratory/clinical course examines nursing leadership and management. The course provides innovative and practical opportunities to influence the delivery of health care and the development of health-care policy to meet the unique challenges of today's health-care environment.

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